The ‘sequence’ of development is the order in which a child develops. For instance a baby usually crawls before they can walking. The ‘rate’ of development is how fast they develop, for example a child might crawl at 8mths then walk by 14mths. ‘Development’ indicates the different developments children go through, physical development, cognitive development, language development and emotional development. We need to know the two differences are important, every child develops at their own pace. So a child might sit up at the age of 6 months but their friend doesn’t do this until 8 months, it doesn’t mean that they are not normal just that they learn a bit later. Each stage of development is dependent on the child’s personality and the environment that is around them. While most children will follow a similar pattern, they will reach different stages at different ages. A child’s development is split into several areas but it must be remembered that they all interlink with each other. These are the different areas:
· Physical: Gives children the abilities to explore and interact with their environment.
· Communication: share thoughts, ideas and emotions.
· Emotional: sharing, likes and dislikes.
· Cognitive: information processing and language learning.
· Social and behavioural: make and keep friendships, manage and express emotion.
· Moral: The understanding of what is right and wrong.